Why does locations with similar characteristics perform differently?

Please note this paper should be written by an Australian writer due to terminology concerns. Paper should be answering the proposal question. It should use as a minimum the references used in the proposal paper. The comments of the lecturer made in the proposal should be taken into account and if required the interview questions changed. The paper should be written in times roman 12 with 1.5 spacing. All referencing in the Harvard style with a bibliography at the end.