Based on the readings and lectures provided for this topic, examine the argument that violence is an inevitable feature of human relationships. Answer with reference to violence at the level of the individual or the community or the state.
9.* Johnson, P. (1997) A History of the American People, Weidenfeld & Nicolson: London, pp. 667- 671.
10. Waters, N. (2008) ‘Japan’, in G.H. Herb and G.H. Kaplan (eds.), Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview, Vol. 2, pp. 817-823.
11. Pinker, S. (2011) The Better Angels of our Nature: A History of Violence and Humanity, Penguin: London, pp.322-334.
12. Dower, J. W. (1986) War without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War, Faber & Faber: London, pp. 77-93.
13.* Held, V. (2004) ‘Terrorism and war’, Journal of Ethics, 8, pp. 59-75.
14. Yoder, J. H. (1996) When War Is Unjust: Being Honest in Just-War Thinking, 2nd edn, Orbis Books: Maryknoll New York, pp. 50-70.
15. Fanon, F. (1967) The Wretched of the Earth, transl. C. Farrington, Penguin: London, pp. 66-74.
16. McMahan, J. (2007) ‘Just war’, in R. Goodin, P. Pettit & P. W. Pogge (eds), Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, 2nd edn, Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester, Volume II, pp. 669-677.
17.* Milgram, S. (1975) ‘The perils of obedience’, Dialogue, 8, pp. 16-27.
18. DeVane, B. & Squire, K. D. (2008) ‘The meaning of race and violence in Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas’, Games and Culture, 3, pp. 264-285.