1. Management is defined as working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives in an ever changing environment by the efficient and effective use of limited resources. Compare a business manager with a non business manager (Using this definition) and discuss why management can and should be studied in a very broad context.
A business manager is an individual who works with others to achieve business objectives. On the other hand, a non-business manager is one who is dedicated to achieve education or other charitable goals. He or she ensures that the institution is solely dedicated to attaining its goals. Unlike a business manager, a non-business manager is not focused on generating revenue or profit. A non-business manager is concerned on the improvements of environmental and human well-being instead of maximizing profits and earning for external shareholders. In today’s society, management should be studied in a broad context for organizations and non-profit organizations to achieve their goals and objectives. A strong management creates a favourable environment that meets the needs of all people in the organization. It focuses on creating growth and success in the organization  
2. There are as many leadership styles as there are consultants in the world of business. What makes a leader effective in your eyes? Is leadership a natural gift (meaning that if you are not born with it, you lose) or can it be developed over time? What are the two biggest problems for leaders and how can they be solved?
An effective leader shares his vision with his followers and motivates them to achieve the set goals and objectives. He or she creates a strong organizational culture that promotes the well-being of all people. True leadership obliges one to take responsibility of his action and motivate people to work as a team. A true leader implements decisions effectively without favouring any party or an individual. He encourages his followers to air their thoughts and suggestion toward decisions made or implemented policies.
Leadership is a natural gift. People are born with abilities, skills, and talents to lead. Leaders are born with power, intelligence, and wisdom to make decisions and influence others towards a common path. If one is born with leadership traits, he loses the privilege of becoming an effective leader. In some cases leadership can be developed over time. However, a person born with leadership traits is more likely to influence others towards a common path than a leader who has developed leadership over time. The latter may lack the adequate skills that natural born leaders have.
Leadership problems vary by organizations. However, the most common problems that leaders face are motivating and retaining competent employees and managing people. Managers find it hard to motivate employees towards achieving the set goals and objectives and retaining competent employees who add value to the organization. Secondly, managers encounter challenges when managing people from different cultural backgrounds. In this context, it becomes hard to set a clear ground that respects values of all cultures.
3. Why do many managers spend most of their time in the control mode? How would you convince a struggling manager to ease up on control and dedicate some of their time to the other primary management activities? What kind of control is most-effective and why?
Managers spend most of their time in the control mode because they believe that they have what it takes to manage and influence others. Control helps managers to articulate whether an organization has achieved its goals and objectives, and if not, highlight the reasons. In most cases, managers control to protect the company and its resources. Having a comprehensive control plan helps managers to understand employees’ performance and highlight factors that may boost it. These factors may include creating a strong culture that promotes the well-being of all employees, rewarding competent employees, and giving employees the chance to air their thoughts among others. In other instances, managers control to influence others towards the set goals and objectives.
I would encourage a struggling manager to ease up control and dedicate some of his time to other primary management activities. In this case, I would highlight benefits associated with delegating duties and concentrating on management activities that revolve his position. It is worth to note that the control that is most effective is one that enhances a positive change. This control includes having a plan that help managers understand employees’ performance and factors that boost it. Still, it could be favorable to motivate employees to work productively.