Comparing different works in Sociology

Comparing different works in Sociology

Question One:
Martin Luther King junior examines some principles of nonviolence. He holds that nonviolence is a way of life for individuals who are courageous. In other words, nonviolence is assertive mentally, emotionally, and spiritually and is active resistance to evil. It seeks to win understanding and friendship, and its result is reconciliation and redemption. Its purpose is the formation of the beloved society. Nonviolence is focused on defeating injustice rather than people. According to Luther, nonviolence maintains that suffering can transform and educate. This is because it voluntarily accepts the implications of his acts without retaliation and converts the enemy when reasons have failed. It chooses love rather than hate as it resists violence of the body and spirit. Nonviolent love does not sink to the hater’s level and is active and also acknowledges that life is interrelated. For this reason, it is focused on restoring society and resisting injustice. Nonviolence upholds that the world is on the justice side, and justice will win eventually. On the other hand, Frantz Fanon talks about decolonization. He holds that it is a psycho-social and historical process. He holds that violent is vital if the existing social order is to be inverted. While Luther advocates for nonviolence, Fanon says it is necessary in a society.
Question Two:
Mills is responsible for coining the sociological imagination as a concept in sociology. This phrase is applied throughout sociological studies in the present. The concept refers to the aspect of being capable of thinking beyond oneself to look at things anew. In other words, it refers to the awareness of the association between the larger society and experience. It is the capability of seeing things socially, as well as, how these things interact and influence each other. To have a sociological imagination means being able to draw away from the condition and thinking from an alternative standpoint. Betty Friedan, on the other hand, analyzes the issue of “The problem that has no name”. She offers some solutions related to this. For instance, she advocates for people to revive the image of the independent career woman that was destroyed by the promotion of the notion that girls should have a husband as a priority before other goals. Her vision for a productive society would allow both women and men to be learned and use their talents. According to her depression and suicide are some of the consequences of the problem that has no name.
Question Five:
Havel discusses the idea of ‘The end of the modern era’. He holds that communism was the vicious extreme of this trend. It was an attempt of organizing life based on a single proposition. The world is impartially predictable. This notion according to Havel has come to a final crisis. In fact, the era has formed the first international civilization. In this case, individuals should seek better and new ways of managing economy, society, and the world. People should also change their behavior and attitude towards the globe as their responsibility may result in an effective system, in society. Slavoj Zizek talks of ‘cynicism as a form of ideology’. He holds that it recognizes the specific interest of ideological universality, as well as, the distance between reality and ideological mask. In fact, it has reasons aimed at retaining this mask.